The promise is made with all the authority of the Constitution: Rich or poor, U.S. citizens are entitled to equal justice. But promise and practice in U.S.
law can sometimes seem worlds apart.
It was not until 1956, Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg reminded New York University law students last week, that the Supreme Court finally "made its first broad pronouncement in the area of economic equality in the criminal process."
^ Severe Disadvantages. The landmark Griffin v. Illinois decision held that constitutional rights were violated by a state law under which defendants had to purchase a transcript of the trial...