IN their struggle to fend off work-rule changes, the five railroad operating unions have formed a united front, but they have nonetheless fully retained their separate identities. Of the five, the Firemen's Brotherhood is most centrally involved. The other four:

Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (55,000 members). Oldest of the operating unions, organized in Detroit in 1863, it was originally named the Brotherhood of the Footboard—a footboard being the catwalk on the front end of a locomotive. Head of the engineers is Grand Chief Engineer Roy Davidson, 62, a coal miner's son who started out...

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