Berlin: Dig-It-Yourself

Ten months after Walter Ulbricht sealed off East Berlin, his harassed border police last week were still adding new gun emplacements and barbed wire to keep their fellow citizens from climbing the Wall to freedom. But East Germans, in increasing numbers, are taking another route: underground.

Using spades, spoons and fireplace shovels to excavate three separate tunnels, 45 East Germans last week dug their way out. chalking up the biggest weekly total of successful escapes recorded so far this year. Most ambitious of the tunnels went from West to East. Led by Peter...

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