DEFENSE: Ike Retreats

When President Eisenhower submitted his record $41 billion defense budget to the Congress last January, he set his military jaw and let it be known that he would authorize no more spending than that for defense. That resolution lasted until last week.

Events abroad helped change his mind: the capture of U-2 Pilot Gary Powers, the summit blowup and, since then, the increasing Soviet truculence. But so did election-year political pressures at home: if there was one thing all candidates and platforms agreed upon, it was the need to spend more on defense....

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