Education: The Outcasts

When Labor Secretary James Mitchell describes the lives of migrant farm workers, his mildest phrase is "national disgrace." Following the crops northward in three circuits, from Florida to New York, Texas through the Midwest, and California to Washington, migrants are the unskilled outcasts of a skilled economy. Some 500,000 migrants have no chance to vote, no effective union, no minimum wage protection, no unemployment insurance. In 1958 they averaged $961 a year. The victims of this disgrace—affecting 45 states—are children.

The black-skinned or Spanish-speaking migrant child lives in a world so alien to U.S. culture that missionaries enter mi grant camps to...

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