TURKEY A month after they seized power, Turkey's new military masters were still everybody's heroes. Even onetime Democrats were claiming they had been taken in by deposed Premier Adnan Menderes and hailing General Cemal Gursel's 38-member Committee of National Unity as Turkey's saviors. But abroad fears grew that Turkey's military rulers might be planning a permanent Nasser-or Kassem-type dictatorship rather than turn the country back to civilian rule.

Unequivocal Disavowal. Last week General Gursel staged a public ceremony to reassure the doubters. Before an overflow audience of Turkish citizens, foreign diplomatic and press representatives in the flag-decked Parliamentary chamber, he summoned all...

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