For weeks, murder and arson have terrorized the African settlements in the countryside around modern Lusaka (pop. 70,000). One native woman died in agony after thugs sprinkled her with gasoline and set her afire. Gangs roamed the countryside burning 23 huts in six weeks and leaving five more Africans dead. It began after the fledgling United National Independence Party tested its strength with a call to all Africans to boycott the municipal beer halls. When this failed, the arson wave began against African families who refused to support the beer-hall ban.

The U.N.I.P. is an extremist party that has sprung...

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