HUNGARY: On the Border

Almost 180,000 Hungarians poured across the frontier into neighboring Austria during the 1956 rebellion. But after Soviet tanks crushed the revolt, the Iron Curtain went up again—a 6-ft., double barbed-wire fence and hidden minefields along the entire 125 miles of the border. Those left behind in Hungary no longer could escape; the few who did try to flee were crippled by mine explosions or trapped and shot by Red patrols.

Among refugees who stayed on in Austria were many separated from their families. For them freedom had a special hardship: they were homesick, and 8,600 of them took up the...

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