TOGOLAND: Free by 1960

In Guinea black Africans voted no and got their independence. In Togoland they did not have to vote, but they won a far brighter victory.

Togoland is a hot and humid little country lying between Ghana (which won its independence from Britain) and Nigeria (which is about to). The blacks, about 1,100,000 strong, far outnumber Togoland's 2,000-odd Europeans. A former German protectorate, Togoland has, since 1922, been run by the French, first under a League of Nations mandate and then under a U.N. trusteeship. Its hottest politician is Premier Sylvanus Olympic, whose family once were slaves in Brazil.

Last May, after...