BRAZIL: Dream Capital

Ever since they won independence, Brazilians have dreamed of a cool, gleaming inland capital far from the humid, colonial seaport of Rio de Janeiro. Last week, on a 4,000-foot plateau 600 miles northwest of Rio, the first buildings of the new inland capital of Brasilia were inaugurated.

President Juscelino Kubitschek, who assumed sole responsibility for the project many Brazilians still consider fiscal folly, did the honors with a series of firsts. He attended the first service and the first wedding in Architect Oscar Niemeyer's swooping, triangular Chapel of Our Lady of Fatima. With his family and chef he moved into...

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