THE SUPREME COURT: Help for N.A.A.C.P.

. . . nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law . . .

—Fourteenth Amendment

In the South's fight to knock the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People out of business in Dixie, one of the hardest punches was a $100,000 contempt-of-court fine levied in 1956 against the Alabama N.A.A.C.P. Offense: refusing to obey a court order to hand over membership lists as evidence in the state government's still pending suit to bar the N.A.A.C.P. from operating in Alabama. Turning over the lists, protested the N.A.A.C.P., would expose...