Ever since the summit conference at Geneva in 1955 the U.S. and Russia have been trying to work out a cultural exchange agreement. Last week, after three months of negotiations, they signed one which, if carried out in good faith, might be an important "beginning of a beginning" (as Senate Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson put it). Under its terms the two nations undertake, during 1958 and 1959, to swap:

¶ Radio and television programs on science, industry, agriculture, education, public health, sports and carefully censored international political topics.

¶ Recordings of folk, classical and "contemporary" music.

¶ Three delegations of industrialists,...

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