Undramatically and tentatively, the United States of Europe—or the closest thing to it since Charlemagne—may be taking shape in 1958. On Jan. 1, economic and atomic "communities" drawing together 165 million Europeans of six nations (France, West Germany, Italy, the Benelux countries) came into being.

Last week the Foreign Ministers of "Little Europe" met in Paris to elect officers for the Common Market and Euratom. They also chose directors for two other six-nation agencies, the thriving Coal and Steel Community and the new billion-dollar European Investment Bank. But they could not...

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