Again last week the unions dominated by former Dictator Juan Perón jousted with President Pedro Aramburu by staging a nation-wide general strike. Again Aramburu won the test by virtue of sound planning and unruffled firmness. To keep fhe threatened 48-hour walkout within bounds, he alerted 50,000 troops and policemen, more than were called out for last month's 24-hour stoppage (TIME, Oct. 7). He warned workers in advance that strikers could legally be fired, enlisted the support of 40 non-Peronista unions to denounce the strike as nothing more than a political maneuver.

Even before the strike began, the government's plans went...

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