Science: Early Cousin

For a decade the mammoth limestone caves of the Makapansgat Valley in South Africa (TIME, June 20, 1955) have been yielding the bones and implements of a remarkably human creature known to anthropologists as Australopithecus prometheus (African man-ape).

Prometheus roamed the savannas during the early Ice Age a million or so years ago, and anthropologists believe he may have been one of the first "protomen." His most ardent biographer is Anatomist Raymond Arthur Dart of Johannesburg, who has constructed a vivid picture of his ways from the man-ape fragments thus far dug up. In...

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