National Affairs: Integration Delayed

The U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 school desegregation decision, drawled Federal District Judge William Hawley Atwell in Dallas last week, was not based on law but "rather, on what the court regarded as more authoritative, modern psychological knowledge than existed at the time that the now-discarded doctrine of equal facilities was initiated ... I might suggest that if there are civil rights, there are also civil wrongs." So saying, Judge Atwell, a peppery, 87-year-old veteran of 33 years on the federal bench, ruled that the Dallas public schools need not integrate "at the present time."

The Supreme Court's reliance on social science books...

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