"Russia is now the dominant power in the Middle East," was a phrase heard often in high places last week and echoed by pundits and editorial writers. But though the worry over Russia's Middle East ambitions is real, a country-by-country survey shows that the Soviet Union is as yet far from dominant. The lineup:

Turkey (pop. 24,110,000). Hates and fears Russia, whether Russia is Communist or not. A secularized Mos lem state, very friendly to the U.S., Turkey is the eastern anchor of NATO. Its 500,000-man army is the area's best. Sides with Britain...

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