ITALY: Victory Consolidated

As Italy's biggest industrial establishment, Turin's great Fiat works (automobiles, steel) is a sensitive testing ground of the temper of Italian labor. There last year appeared the first major crack in Communist control of the Italian workers, when the Communist-dominated labor federation, CGIL, lost the majority it had consistently polled since World War II (TIME, April 11, 1955). Could the non-Communist unions consolidate their victory this year?

Last week, the answer was in, and it was a necessary yes. The 52,000 Fiat workers who voted (out of 80,000) gave the two free trade unions, CISL and UIL, 69.4% of their...