LABOR: Long Way from Pittsburgh

In Pittsburgh 73 years ago, the men who began the American Federation of Labor were imbued with a doctrine of class warfare that rings tinnily in the preamble to its constitution: "A struggle is going on in all the nations of the civilized world between the oppressors and the oppressed of all countries, a struggle between the capitalist and the laborer, which grows in intensity from year to year."

In Washington last week, 20 A.F.L. and C.I.O. leaders, who plan to merge forces at a joint convention next December, agreed on a new constitution (but not a new name). The constitution...

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