"The key to success" of the foreign-aid program, wrote Dwight Eisenhower to his Secretary of State last month, would be the man picked to head the State Department's new International Cooperation Administration, which would take over most of the work of Harold Stassen's Foreign Operations Administration. Having no man in mind, John Foster Dulles turned over the search for the policy-making executive to his Under Secretary, Herbert Hoover Jr., and five days later headed north for a Duck Island vacation.

Under Secretary Hoover did not have to look far: his candidate was already in Washington serving as executive director of...

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