In the U.S. last year, the number of working days spent on strike dropped to the lowest level since World War II. This year, however, labor's demands and the strike rate have risen sharply, along with production and profits. Last week strikers were hitting the bricks—and sometimes throwing them—from Maine to Florida. Some major strikes:

¶ On Long Island, N.Y., 9,000 C.I.O. Electrical Workers overruled their own leadership and voted to strike against the Sperry Gyroscope Co. for an 18¢-an-hour wage raise (present average: $2 an hour). Pickets smashed windows and slashed tires...

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