Religion: Off the Index

In a Renaissance palace off St. Peter's Square, twelve Vatican-appointed "qualifiers" daily scrutinize books from all over the world. They confer regularly with 24 consultants, and if a book is found to be contrary to Catholic faith and morals, nine cardinals review their findings. Together, the three groups form the Holy Office's book-censoring department, and on their recommendation the Pope places works on the Index of Forbidden Books. So far, John XXIII has not Indexed any; Pius XII placed 23 authors on the list, including Jean Paul Sartre, Andre Gide and Alberto Moravia....

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