Medicine: After Polio, What?

After Polio, What? Hundreds of top-drawer medical scientists gathered in Manhattan last week for a conference arranged to celebrate the 65th birthday 9f Basil O'Connor, president of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. Chief Justice Earl Warren, on hand to pay tribute to his old friend and fellow lawyer, said that under O'Connor's leadership "the foundation has effectively conquered polio, and is within arm's length of its great goal—extinction of the disease."

The very success of the battle against polio raised a big question: What happens to the foundation now? Mushrooming since 1938 into an empire with...

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