THE AMERICAS: Invasion Scare

A loud cry for help from Ecuador sent the Organization of American States into an evening emergency session in Washington last week. As Ecuador's Washington Ambassador Jose Chiriboga told it, it sounded alarmingly like war: Peruvian military forces, "feverishly" built up within "recent hours," were massed 20,000-30,000 strong near the Ecuadorian border, creating "an imminent danger to [Ecuador's] territorial integrity, sovereignty and political independence."

An Ecuador-Peru quarrel over boundaries has been bubbling, and occasionally boiling up into small-scale warfare, ever since Ecuador became a nation in 1830. In 1942, after the...

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