THE AMERICAS: Breached Bloc

Seven leading Latin American nations —Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, Cuba, Panama, Ecuador—cold-shouldered the U.S. last week to vote for U.S.S.R.-backed Poland instead of U.S.-backed Turkey to fill a U.N. Security Council seat. The failure to muster a two-thirds vote resulted in a deadlock and pushed decision on the issue into this week.

The opportunity for the Latin American swing came from Western dawdling that failed to put Turkey into the race until last month. That gave Poland time to ask for commitments from the Latin Americans. They agreed because of three factors:

¶The Big Power "gentlemen's agreement" of 1946, which guarantees...

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