Running for Governor of Alabama last year, hard-jawed young (37) John Patterson could match racist slogans with the best of his opponents—and he had a record of action to back up his stump talk. As Alabama's attorney general, Patterson had helped get the N.A.A.C.P. banned from the state, taken legal action against a Tuskegee Negro boycott of downtown stores and against Montgomery Negroes when they boycotted city buses. On that basis, Patterson was elected Governor. But by last week, John Patterson had discovered to his embarrassment that the irresponsible promise held out during a campaign is not so easy...

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