CAMEROONS: Reign of Terror

The next African nation to get its independence, on New Year's Day, 1960, is the French Cameroons (pop. 3,300,000), a California-sized, French-administered United Nations trust territory on the Guinea Coast, just east of Nigeria. But first it seems destined to go through bloodshed.

Four years ago, when rioting broke out there, the Union des Populations Came-rounaises—the nation's strongest political party—was blamed for it, and outlawed. The U.P.C. then broke wide open. A moderate, nonviolent wing split away from the terrorist faction, which fled to the hills. Under a "national reconciliation" policy, more than 650 convicted U.P.C. supporters received amnesty...

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