JAPAN: High-Low

In the two decades before Pearl Harbor, when the population of Japan was growing by almost 1,000,000 every year, warlords used population pressure as an excuse to conquer or dominate foreign lands. But World War II defeat brought more than one remarkable change. Last week, after six years of study, the government's Population Research Institute announced that Japan's birthrate has been cut in half, and is now one of the world's lowest. In 1932 the average family boasted 5.8 children; today it has under three.

Last week the high priestess of planned parenthood, Margaret Sanger herself, was in Tokyo seeing...

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