Minnesota's Senator Hubert Horatio Humphrey looked around proudly at his fellow Democrats. By a heavily partisan 49-46 vote, the Democratic-controlled U.S. Senate had just rejected the President's nomination of Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss to be Secretary of Commerce. "This," said Humphrey jauntily, "is the first time we have not blurred the image."

The Democratic image was sharp and clear. Amid the catcalls of liberals, the moderate Democratic congressional leadership had just abandoned its own legislative program to follow Dwight Eisenhower's lead in legislation, because of the popularity of the President's budget-balancing program (see Democrats). Then, in a vote that wrapped up...

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