HE who enters the conclave Pope comes out cardinal," holds an old Roman proverb, indicating that predictions are as risky in papal elections as in any other. At the conclave which meets in the Vatican Oct. 25, several questions are likely to arise:

1) Italian v. non-Italian Pope. Under Pius XII's reign, for the first time in 500 years, non-Italian cardinals have come to outnumber the Italians, 37 to 18, but it is still considered probable that the next Pope will be Italian. The last non-Italian Pope was a Dutchman, Adrian VI, 1522-23.

2) Political v. pastoral Pope. In Vatican history the two...

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