ARGENTINA: Back to Democracy

Tall and erect in a severe black vest and tail coat, Arturo Frondizi laid his hand on the Bible and swore to discharge his duties with "loyalty and patriotism." Cannon in the square outside boomed a 21-gun salute, and the 3,000 people jammed into the 1,000-seat Hall of Congress cheered the return of constitutional government after a decade of dictatorship and 31 months of military rule.

Pale from fatigue and the lingering effects of flu, President Frondizi began ticking off his answers to the nation's pressing problems. The address, his first clear...