EAST GERMANY: Crackup, Crackdown

In the Russian master plan for satellites, East Germany was long ago selected to be the showpiece of industrialization. Undeterred by the fact that the area had traditionally been Germany's breadbasket, the Russians installed Walter Ulbricht to make their policy fact. Last week reports smuggled out of East Germany made clear that Ulbricht's ruthless drive to make over East Germany into an industrial complex had brought the country close to bankruptcy, was the basic cause of the recent split in Communist leadership.

At the last meeting of the East German Politburo, then Deputy Premier Fred Oelssner. whom Ulbricht put in...

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