Caught in history's spotlight, between his outraged people and their Algerian neighbors, and the bumbling, unpredictable government of France's Fourth Republic: Habib Bourguiba, first President of the new Republic of Tunisia.

Early Life. Born Aug. 3, 1903, and reared in the ancient Carthaginian fishing port of Monastir, youngest of eight, grandson of an Arab nationalist who was a leader in a 19th century revolt against oppressive taxes. Educated at French lycées in Tunis, the Faculty of Law and School of Political Science in Paris (where he read Victor Hugo and argued about the Rights of Man). Married Mathilde Lorrain, a Frenchwoman he...

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