Virginia's Democratic Senator Harry Flood Byrd, 70, spent most of one afternoon last week at his cluttered desk, writing a statement in painstaking longhand. Writing done, he reread it, handed it to an aide, slipped out of his office with his black cocker spaniel, Happy, frisking at his heels, and took off that night for a Tucson hideaway. What he had written made headlines next morning: after 43 years in public office, Harry Byrd, chairman of the powerful Senate Finance Committee and the nation's most dedicated fighter for pay-as-you-go fiscal conservatism, had...

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