POLAND: Halfway House

Luxuriating in one of the little freedoms that distinguish Gomulka's Poland from other Communist countries, some 15.5 million Poles last week pondered voting lists with real choices, walked into polling stations that afforded real privacy, marked ballots with decision. The elections were for local councils across the nation, and admittedly the lists favored candidates of the regime-dominated National Front; voters who chose not to mark their ballots voted automatically for the National Front's men whose names appeared at the top on all lists. Still the right to scratch a name existed.

Only one major question was involved: Did the Gomulka...

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