DEFENSE: The Organization Man

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At 9:15 on the fifth morning after Sputnik I changed military policy and practice for all time, a brand new U.S. Secretary of Defense, fresh from a world where Cheer is a product instead of an attitude, took over the cavernous office on Ring E, River Side, Third Floor, of the Pentagon.

Neil Hosier McElroy, 53, for nine years president of Procter & Gamble, sat down at Washington's largest desk (9 ft. by 4 ft. 11 in., with 20 drawers), which had been used by General John J. Pershing in World War...

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