ALGERIA: The Reform That Failed

Few areas of arid Algeria have prospered more under French rule than the heavily populated coastal zone called the Kabylia, which lies between the cities of Algiers and Philippeville. Six months ago, however, France lost control of the Kabylia to bands of Algerian rebels, who took over the towns and even collected their own taxes.

The initial rebel successes have diminished since the French moved 400,000 soldiers into Algeria. Mobile, hard-hitting French columns inflicted heavy losses on rebel formations and slowly drove them deep into the high plateaus that lie behind Algeria's coastal regions. By the beginning of summer, the...

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