THE SOUTH: Battle of the Buses

The six-month-old Negro boycott of Jim Crow buses in Montgomery, Ala., has taught the South a fact of economic life: in regions where most bus passengers are Negroes, the boycott is a powerful economic weapon. Last week in Montgomery a three-judge panel in Federal Court—all judges born and raised in Alabama—gave the boycott a sharp legal edge: the court ruled 2-1 that the city's Jim Crow bus seating violates the 14th Amendment and is unconstitutional.

Said the majority decision: "There is now no rational basis upon which the separate but equal doctrine can be validly applied to public carrier transportation."...

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