ISRAEL: Miserable Peace

"If we get arms," said Israel's Premier David Ben-Gurion, "there will be no war. If we don't get them, there will be a war, and we will win after great and needless destruction on both sides."

A determined Jewish island in a sea of hostile Arabs, Israel had suddenly ceased to wring its hands in self-pity over what it considered the perfidy of the West. Its new mood was a combination of realistic apprehension and determined self-reliance.

Along the Arab-Israeli border, gangs of workers went on shoveling ditches for pipes to water new fields in the Negev, while soldiers dug out gun...