RACES: The Shame of Milwaukee

During a 1952 campaign meeting, Milwaukee's Socialist Mayor Frank Zeidler was collared by a fuming woman who demanded to know why he was making her sell her house. Her real estate agent, she sputtered, had warned her to sell "because the mayor was going to move a Negro next door." It was then that Frank Zeidler first became aware of a whispering campaign that in the ensuing four years would grow until it is now the main obstacle to Zeidler's bid for a third term.

Mild-mannered Frank Zeidler behaves more like a conservative burgomaster than a doctrinaire Socialist. He has kept...