"Here I am. Here I stay," reads the inscription on a war memorial in Philippeville, but few of the 35,000 Europeans living on their raw nerves in or near the embattled Algerian seaport now feel like making it their own motto. In the days before the restless, roving bands of fellagha began pillaging, burning, looting, killing, and destroying all that the French had brought to their country, busy, picturesque Philippeville had hoped to become "the Nice of Algeria."

But by last week, complained the manager of the Chamber of Commerce, the "only...

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