TURKEY: Democratic Split

With no major organized opposition, the Democratic Party of Turkey's President Celal Bayar and Premier Adnan Menderes expected no difficulties at last week's municipal elections. The opposition Republicans, founded by the late great Kemal Ataturk, had boycotted the elections in advance, declaring: "We are attacked on radio, but not allowed to defend ourselves on radio. To answer accusations in the press constitutes an offense under the press law." But just to be sure of victory, Democrats in at least one district searched voters for anti-government literature, and had many bundled off to police stations for questioning.

Nevertheless, a surprising number...

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