DEFENSE: U.M.T. in Sheep's Clothing

President Eisenhower last week asked Congress to extend the draft and to approve a reserve program that included a modified version of universal military training.

The message asked for a four-year extension of the regular draft, a two-year extension of the doctors' draft, an active reserve program with stiff penalties for absentees, active basic training for National Guardsmen and, most controversial of all, six months' basic training—at $30 a month and without veterans' benefits —for teen-agers who would avoid the draft and accept a 9½-year obligation of service in the reserve.

Congress is expected to pass the draft extensions, but it may...

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