GUATEMALA: The New Junta

Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas, the deadpan little insurgent who overthrew the pro-Communist government of Guatemala, came back in triumph last week to his country's capital. Guatemalans greeted him with firecrackers, kisses and backslapping embraces. At the bunting-draped central plaza, where 20,000 people yelled themselves hoarse, a huge picture of the rebel leader hung from the palace and cathedral bells pealed joyously. Later, as he had said he would, Castillo Armas dined in the palace.

Castillo Armas was not yet boss. In peace negotiations, the presidency of the ruling junta had been won,...

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