INDIA: Twenty-Ninth State

India last week got its 29th state, Andhra, a rich rice land carved from the state of Madras (see map). On hand for the inauguration ceremony, smiling and suitably festive, was India's Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, who had done everything in his power to block the new state and to delay its creation. Andhra was specifically designed to fit the largest block of Telegu-speaking people—some 20 millions—into one state. Nehru feared this would set a trend towards the Balkanization of the Indian Republic along the lines of India's 15 languages, 250 dialects....

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