INVESTIGATIONS: Mr. Smith Went to Washington

In the heady days of the First New Deal, Edwin S. Smith left his job as Massachusetts' commissioner of labor and industries and went to Washington as one of the three members of the original National Labor Relations Board. During the next seven years, the New Deal-blessed labor-organizing drive reached flood tide, and with it, the NLRB rose to influence large areas of the U.S. economy. The A.F.L. accused the board of being blatantly pro-C.I.O., and one A.F.L. leader declared that his union would "refuse to abide by NLRB decisions until Edwin S. Smith* is investigated to see if he...

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