Religion: Speaking Symbol

When Michael von Faulhaber became Archbishop of Munich in 1917, King Ludwig III still sat on his shadow-throne in Bavaria and the old order of Europe, if crumbling, was not yet gone. Archbishop Faulhaber reached his new archdiocese from the trenches of Germany's Western Front: he had gone to war as a chaplain in 1914, although he was already 45, a bishop and a celebrated Biblical scholar. He was the first German prelate to win the Iron Cross.

As an archbishop, Faulhaber found plenty of fighting at home. Munich was one of the battlegrounds...