For 900 years, Greeks and Turks have intermittently warred on each other. The Greeks massacred 20,000 Moslems in April 1821, and shortly thereafter proclaimed their independence from Turkey after 400 years of subjection. But the two nations were still at war 100 years later. During the 1920s, a wary rapprochement began. The two powers exchanged their national minorities; in one of the great mass migrations of history 2,000,000 Greeks quit Turkey.

In Istanbul last week, the old and long-dying mistrust was set to rest: the old enemies were now allies. Schoolchildren waved paper Greek flags and shouted a newly taught...

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