Religion: Student Chaplains

Army Chaplain Rudolf Albert Renfer had just finished a Sunday battlefield sermon somewhere in Germany when shrapnel from enemy artillery put him out of World War II. Two years ago, Presbyterian Renfer became professor of church history and missions at nondenominational, fundamentalist Dallas Theological Seminary. But when the Korean war broke out, he began worrying about the chaplaincy again —a branch of the ministry that looked as though it would be around for a long time.

His own experience had shown up plenty of shortcomings in the training of chaplains, he decided. There had been too much "material emphasis in chaplains' training,...