Medicine: Experiment in Prevention

John T. Batura, New York City fireman, his wife Anna and their two youngsters, Barbara, 5, and Richard, 4, marched into The Bronx's Montefiore Hospital for thorough examinations last week. Nurses and doctors made detailed case histories of all the ailments the Baturas have ever had, gave them top-to-toe physical tests. Later, a psychiatric social worker gave them a going-over. None of the Baturas was ill, but they were making U.S. medical history.

The Baturas are the first of 20 families chosen for an experiment in preventive medicine! Instead of waiting until illness strikes, the project will try to keep the families...